AP World History Chapter 26

Great wall of china
A system of fortified walls with a roadway along the top, constructed as a defense for China against the nomads of the regions that are now Mongolia and Manchuria: completed in the 3rd century b.c., but later repeatedly modified and rebuilt. 2000 mi. (3220 km) long.
Qing Dynasty
(1644-1911 CE), the last imperial dynasty of China which was overthrown by revolutionaries; was ruled by the Manchu people: began to isolate themselves from Western culture,
Kangxi
Qing emperor (r. 1662-1722). He oversaw the greatest expansion of the Qing Empire.
Son of Heaven
Title of the ruler of China, first known as the Zhou dynasty; it acknowledges the ruler’s position as intermediary between heaven and earth
Scholar-gentry
Chinese class created by the marital linkage of the local land-holding aristocracy with the office-holding shi; superseded shi as governors of China.
Fillial Piety
children’s respect for their parents and older relatives, an important part of Confucian beliefs.
Foot binding
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women’s feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women’s movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
Macau & Guangzhou
Chinese brothers who ruled china in the Qing Dynasty
Neo-Confuianism
correspondences between human virtue and the ultimate nature of things
Zhu Xi
(1130-1200) Most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song dynasty in China; stressed importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action
Matteo Ricci
An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of Astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China
The True Meaning Of the Lord of Heaven
doctrines of confucius and jesus were very similiar by ricci
Tokugawa Shogunate
(1603-1867) Feudal Warlord rulers of Japan. Responisble for closing Japan off from the rest of the world. Overthrown during the Meiji Restoration.
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; succeeded him as most powerful military figure in Japan; granted title of shogun in 1603 and established Tokugawa Shogunate; established political unity in Japan
Bakufu
Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai
Daimyo
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
Edo
(now named Tokyo) the location of the new leaders; the capital was moved from Kyoto to Edo
Native Learning
Japanese movement to promote nativist intellectual traditions and the celebration of Japanese texts.
Floating worlds
Centers of Tokugawa urban culture; called ukiyo; where entertainment and pleasure quarters housed teahouses, theaters, brothels, and public baths to offer escape from social responsibilities and the rigid rules of conduct that governed public behavior.
Francis Xavier
This was a man who helped Ignatius of Loyola to start the Jesuits. He also was famous for his number of missionaries he went on to promote Christianity
Dutch Learning
Western learning embraced by some Japanese in the eighteenth century

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