APUSH Ch. 5 Terms

Thirteen Original Colonies
the territories of Britain that would, in 1776, rebel against their mother country
Pennsylvania Dutch
name given to those Germans living in Pennsylvania in the colonial period
Scots-Irish
ethnic group that was hard and bitter; lived often in the backcountry of America; squabbled with First Americans over land and evaded authority of England
Paxton Boys
hotheaded Scots-Irish who led attacks on Philadelphia and North Carolina to display their unhappiness; one was Andrew Jackson
Regulator Movement
movement headed by the Paxton Boys in North Carolina that spoke out against eastern domination of the colonies’ affairs
Social Mobility
the idea that a person can move up or down the social ladder throughout their life
The Session
I couldn’t find this one
Smallpox
disease that affected 20% of colonists; highly dreaded
Diphtheria
disease that took the lives of many young colonists
Triangular Trade
system where whiskey was traded to African tribesmen in exchange for slaves, who were traded in the West Indies for molasses, which was sold in America to make whiskey…and so on
Naval Stores
supplies such as tar, pitch, rosin, and turpentine that were highly valued by the British
Molasses Act
law passed by the British to prevent American trade with the French West Indies; mostly it didn’t work and just made the colonists angry
Taverns
bars placed along travel routes for entertainment and gossip
Established Church
The Anglican Church and the Congregationalist Church were the two in America
Anglicans
members of the Church of England; often viewed as loyalists
Congregationalists
members of the other established church in Americca; grew out of Puritanism
Presbyterians
church similar to Congregationalism that never became official in the colonies
Jonathan Edwards
the first major preacher of the Great Awakening
George Whitefield
second, more gregarious preacher of the Great Awakening
Old Lights
orthodox clergymen who disapproved of the style of the Great Awakening
New Lights
ministers who preached the Great Awakening
Baptists
another religion in America that allowed more emotional worship of God
Latin and Greek
Languages taught in colonial schools
John Trumbull
aspiring colonists painter who was forced to move to London to support himself
Charles Wilson Peale
colonial portaitist of George Washington
Benjamin West
aspiring colonists painter who was forced to move to London to support himself
John Singleton Copley
aspiring colonists painter who was forced to move to London to support himself
Benjamin Franklin
the only truly successful scientist in the American colonial period
John Peter Zenger
man who wrote a controversial newspaper article and won a court case allowing freedom of speech, although the judge did not support the decision
Royal Colonies
colonies directly ruled by a British governor
Proprietary Colonies
colonies who were ruled by a governor chosen by proprietors of that colony; included Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
Self-Governing Colonies
colonies who elected their own governor; included Connecticut and Rhode Island
Colonial Assemblies
colonists who had a say in the government along with the governor; often made the governors into puppets
Power of the Purse
the practice of with-holding a governor’s salary until he did what the assemblies wanted
Town Meetings
style of government that dominated in New England; every member of the town got together and had a say in the government
Property Qualifications
the idea that owning land was necessary to vote in an election
Nash’s Urban Crucible Theory
the idea that the competitive, individualistic society in America can be traced back to the colonies

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