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computers 5.1 Essay

acceptable use policy
outlines the activities for which a computer and network may and may not be used

access control
a security measure that defines who can access a computer, device, or network when they can access it, and what actions they can take while accessing it

adware
a program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window an webpages, e-mail, or other internet services

audit trail
electronic file that records both successful and unsuccessful access attempts

back door
a program or set of instructions in a program that allows users to bypass security controls when accessing a program computer or network

backup
a duplicate of content on a storage medium that you can use in case the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed

biometric device
device that authenticates a person’s identity by translating a personal characteristic into a digital code

biometric payment
payment method where the customer’s finger print is read by a finger print reader that is linked to a payment method

bot
a program that performs a repetitive task on a network

botnet
a group of compromised computers or mobile devices connected to a network that are used to attack other networks

browsing history
a list of all websites you have visited over a period of time

business software alliance
alliance formed by major worldwide software companies to promote understanding of software piracy

CAPTCHA
a program that displays an image containing a series of distorted characters for a user to identify and enter in order to verify that user input is from humans and not computer programs

CERT/CC
a federally funded internet security research and development center

certificate authority
online providers that issue digital certificates

child
term used in three generation backups to refer to the most recent copy of the file

cipher text
encrypted (scrambled) data

click jacking
scam in which an object that can be clicked on a website such as a button or link contains a malicious program

cloud backup
backup method in which files are backed up to the cloud as they change

code of conduct
a written guideline that helps determine whether a specific action is ethical/unethical or allowed/un-allowed

computer crime
any illegal act involving the use of a computer or related devices

computer emergency response team coordination center
a federally funded internet security research and development center

computer ethics
the moral guidelines that govern the use of computers, mobile devices, and information systems

content filtering
the process of restricting access to certain material

continuous data protection
backup method in which all data is backup whenever a change is made

cookie
a small text file that a webserver stores on your computer

copyright
exclusive rights given to authors artists and other creators of original work to duplicate, publish and sell their materials

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