Mayflower – characters Essay

william Bradford
– governor of Plymouth Colony after John Carver dies
– writes “Of Plymouth Plantation”
John Robinson
– pastor and leader of the English Separatists in Leiden before they leave foe America
Elder William Brewster
– Pilgrim’s leading lay minister
John Carver
– first governor of Plymouth Colony
Robert Cushman
– Helped organize voyage to America
Thomas Weston
– leading adventurer from London
Christopher Jones
– Mayflower’s master
Robert Coppin
– Chris Jone’s mate and pilot
Captain Miles Standish
– wife Rose
– Pilgrim’s leading military officer
Christopher Martin
– Mayflower’s governor
– original purchasing agent
Stephen Hopkins
– Stranger who may have been to Jamestown before boarding the Mayflower
Edward Winslow
– leading Pilgrim diplomat who also served as a governor
John Howland
– indentured servant who eventually became a leading citizen of the colony
john Billington
– head of what Bradford called the “profanest family”
– sons john and francis
Thomas Morton
– leader of Merrymount
John Sanders
– leader of Wessagussett settlement
Phineas Pratt
– another leader of the Wessagussett settlement
John Hamden
– English gentleman who spent winter of 1623 with the Pilgrims
– Pokanoket sachem
– Narragansett sachem
– Pilgrim’s interpreter, originally from Patuxet
– sachem from Martha’s Vineyard
– sachem from Pemaquid Point, Maine
– sachem and powwow from Merrimack River in New Hamshire
– Nauset sachem
– Manomet sachem
– Cummaquid sachem
– Mattapoisett sachem
– Pokanoket sachem
– Massachusetts sachem
– Massachusetts pniese
– Mohegan sachem
– pledged loyalty to Puritans during Pequot War
– Massachusetts warrior
– Narragansett sachem
Thomas Prence
– Plymouth governor
Thomas Willett
– founder of Wannamoisett and friend of Alexander
Major William Bradford Jr
– William Bradford’s son
John Miles
– Swansea minister whose house became Miles garrison
James Cudworth
– army commander from Scituate
Benjamin Church
– carpenter and leading captain during King Philip’s war
Alice Church
– Ben Church’s wife
Josiah Winslow
– son of Edward
– first governor of Plymouth born in the new world
Samuel Mosely
– leading captain during King Phillip’s War
– known for his hatred of Indians
Captain Rodger Goulding
– mariner who rescued Church’s men at the Pease Field Fight and was present at the death of Phillip
Captain Thomas Lathrop
– leader at Bloody Brook
Major Robert Treat
– led Connecticut forces at Green Swamp Fight
John Elliot
– leading Puritan missionary to the Praying Indians
Captain Daniel Gookin
– superintendent to Praying Indians
Major Samuel Appleton
– commander of Massachusetts forces
John Gorham
– led plymouth forces with William Bradford at Great Swamp Fight
Captain Samuel Wadsworth
– led rescue of Lancaster
Mary Rowlandson
– captured by Indians at Lancaster
Captain Michael Pierce
– killed with most of his men at Blackstone River
Captain George Denison
– led Connecticut force with Mohegans, Pequots, Niantics, that captured Canonchet
John Hoar
– negotiated the ransom and release of Mary Rowlandson
Captain William Turner
– led attack on Indians at Connecticut
Pastor John Cotton
– Plymouth minister
John Leverett
– Massachusetts governor
– Massasoit’s oldest son
– Alexander’s wife, female Pocasset sachem
– Alexander’s younger brother “King Philip”
– Amie’s husband
– the “Black sachem of Nemasket”
John Sassamon
– interpreter for Alexander and Philip
– one of John Eliot’s pupils
– son Peter; female Sakonnet sachem
– one of Philip’s senior counselors
– accused of murdering John Sassamon
– sachem for Buzzard’s Bay
– attacked Dartmouth and Clark’s garrison
– one of Philip’s leading warriors
– Narragansett sachem
– Narragansett sachem
– Weetamoo’s husband during King Philip’s War
– Mary Rowlandson’s master
– Philip’s principal captain
Job Kattenanit
– Praying Indian who became a spy for the English
Sagamore Sam
– Nipmuck sachem
– bargains with English over the ransom or Mary Rowlandson

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