The Effect of Discrimination Against Women, Should There Be a Law Against It?

Introduction

Traditionally all over the world, women have been given the job of rearing children, cooking and looking after the household. This is partly because of women’s biological responsibility of birth-giving to children. Nature’s discretion has allowed men to exploit the advantage to the hilt. In the workplaces of the advanced nations, subtle glass-ceiling limits the growth of the women. To be fair, glass-ceiling is faced by the modern men too. This has to do with the hierarchical nature of human relations or the pyramid of power. The person with the gun, owns the land. However, if women of talent are denied a chance of growth, it will be a retrograde step for the humans. In today’s knowledge based world, if 50% population does not contribute to the idea pool, the human race as a whole is going to suffer.

We need educational technologies to identify and nurture talent irrespective of the gender. College is not meant for all but everyone ought to get a chance to prove their mettle. In compulsory schooling programs implemented in most of the countries there is ample scope for identifying the talent. Usually girl students do well in the school but tend to lag in the college. The reason could be discrimination. The entire society needs to be aware that talent has to be recognized and rewarded for the future of the human beings. Major wars are now averted but we must learn to control unfair use of position and power in discriminating a talent.

Women suffer from discrimination of three kinds: gender, race and culture. This essay considers the treatment given to women in education and career all over the globe. In the middle eastern countries, women are given only the household tasks. In the western countries, an option of career is available. However, the career growth is limited. Women with Engineering degree leave their jobs in 50s when their male counterparts are at the acme of their working life. There are women in leadership position in educational organizations. However, their life is full of struggle and sheer will power drives them. If their energy could have been channelized into creative work, the Institutes could prosper even more. The picture is not so gloomy all over the world. In Thailand, women are better educated than men. The reason is the Thai tradition makes them support their aging parents.

As Mary Michael suggests the issue is not unique and discrimination in one or other form has always been part of human issues. Making laws would only disguise it to some other form. For example, US is known for equal opportunity culture, yet women are not on an equal footing with men. If women rise, their life gets full of struggle. Their talent is thus wasted in unnecessary chores of the organization, instead of organizational development. For middle eastern countries, the religion requires women to stay in the house and that itself is a law (sharia). Proof of benefits of liberalization can be seen in the stark contrast between western and middle eastern countries. If there were no petroleum, nobody can imagine what could have happened to our brothers and sisters in this part of the world. Perhaps growing population of aged people and the bond they share with female children would slowly spread all over the world. This would increase expenditure on the education of women and they would strive to seek a better career and compensation for the sake of family. In what follows, six articles have been discussed from Ebsco references on gender discrimination. The sources of information, statistical methods, conclusions and highlights are mentioned.

Literature Review

Mikhael, M. (2012). Women in middle eastern societies and churches. The Ecumenical Review, 64(1), 54-60.doi:10.1111/j.1758-6623.2012.00146.x.

In this article, Mary Mikhael (2012) explain that women issues are not separate from all other human issues, be there political, religious or societal. Until recent decades, women did not have equal opportunity for education and training based on both religious and social norms. Mikhael (2012) noted that in some counties, women are not considered in national constitution, and there fore have no equal rights. The author indicated that in many countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, women offices are kept in the kitchen and are made to cater for house chose and caring for the children. Meanwhile in other countries, apart from being a wife and a mother, she is considered as an educated person, a career woman, a politician or even occupied the highest position in the world. Mikhael (2012) therefore explained that, in some societies, women are neglected in decision making processes and are rather subjected to societal norms and traditional. I will use this source to provide supporting information to help international law making bodies to globally consider women right and respect.

Andoh, H. S., & Bangura, A. K. (2012). The Ghanaian woman’s quest for equality in the workplace: Discrimination against Ghanaian women resulting in their under-representation in the non- traditional labor force of the economy. Journal Of International Diversity, 2012(3), 114-125. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&profile=ehost

In this article, Andoh, H. S., & Bangura (2012) indicated that women are seen in society as subordinate to men and that women comes second to men. Whiles men hold managerial positions to portray man’s superiority, women are subjected to menial jobs. Certainly, lack of education and the lack of certain skills due to of societal prejudice prevent women from holding certain positions. In some countries women are the last to get promotions at the workplace and last to be given a raise. The woman is thus not given an equal chance to acquire specialized training. Owing to this, the woman is devoid of the requisite skills for positions in the labor force. The few that attain professional jobs are given less time for maternity leave and they however find it difficult to combine family life with their profession, they are made to resign eventually due to poor performance. Andoh, H. S., & Bangura (2012) pointed out that, most women lack support, education and training due to cultural, norms and traditional beliefs in many societies. I intend to use this source to provide information why international laws should be made to protect women’s right.

Cole, W. M. (2013). Government respect for gendered rights: The effect of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on Women’s Rights Outcomes, 1981-2004. International Studies Quarterly, 57(2), 233-249. doi:10.1111/isqu.12000

In this article, Wade M. Cole (2013) discuss the difficulties and frustrations that has create emotional, mentally and socially handicap in the lives of discriminated women. He also explained that, some countries have instituted equal right among citizens, there are still lot more which has not changed their attitude and disrespect against women. Cole (2013) explained that, through continues education and consultation of international bodies, some countries have amended their constitution against gender equality but these changes have not necessary change the mental attitude and behavior of the society. He stated that, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is championing the course of human and women right among nations, furthermore, CEDAW has a strong positive effect on women’s political rights, no effect on economic rights, and a partially negative effect on social rights. I will use this useful source to discuss that, there should be international laws to protect women.

Wongmonta, Sasiwooth and Glewwe Paul. (2017). An analysis of gender differences in household education expenditure: the case of Thailand. Education Economics, 25(2), 183-204. doi: 10.1080/09645292.2016.1168363.

Wongmonta and Glewwe find that more money is spent on the education of girls than boys in Thailand. The statistical tests involving Engel’s curves confirm the findings. Possible explanation is, in Thailand, female children are traditionally responsible for care of the elderly parents. The money sent to parents by the daughters is more than the sons. The conclusions were drawn from 2009 Socioeconomic survey of Thailand.

Liang, Jia Grace, and Peters-Hawkins, April L. (2017). I am more than what I look alike. Educational Administration Quarterly. 53(1), 40-69. doi: 10.1177/0013161X16652219.

This study dwells upon Asian American women in educational administrative and leadership positions. The data were collected by interviews and informal observations of 11 administrator persons in two different states. Data were analyzed through constant comparative methods, using three iterations of initial codes/surface content analysis, pattern variables development, and application to the data set. It was found that there is no established career path to leadership positions for Asian American women. They faced discrimination on all the three fronts: gender, ethnicity and culture. However, their positive approach, can-do attitude and struggle for survival, saw them through their career and they could reach the administrative positions.

Stewart, P. (2016). Gender specific. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education. 33(20), 10-11.

Pearl Stewart presents report of the American Association of University Professors, which discussed the challenges women associate professors (middle level educators) faced while attempting to combine scholarly research. Topics discussed include initiatives for women faculty such as a writing program for women faculty at Indiana University Bloomington, racial and gender disparities and role of African American women in service, teaching, and research.

Conclusion

Discrimination of women is a major hurdle faced by 50% of the world population.

Today’s knowledge economy dictates that talent, wherever available, must be developed and converted into a source of new ideas. Human survival depends upon the liberation of talent from any bonds. Societal awareness would be more productive rather than rules and regulations.

 

 

 

 

References

Andoh, H. S., & Bangura, A. K. (2012). The Ghanaian woman’s quest for equality in the workplace: Discrimination against Ghanaian women resulting in their under-representation in the non- traditional labor force of the economy. Journal Of International Diversity, 2012(3), 114-125. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&profile=ehost.

Cole, W. M. (2013). Government respect for gendered rights: The effect of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on Women’s Rights Outcomes, 1981-2004. International Studies Quarterly, 57(2), 233-249. doi:10.1111/isqu.12000

Liang, Jia Grace, Peters-Hawkins, April L. (2017). I am more than what I look alike. Educational Administration Quarterly,  53(1), 40-69. DOI: 10.1177/0013161X16652219.

Mikhael, M. (2012). Women in middle eastern societies and churches. The Ecumenical Review, 64(1), 54-60.doi:10.1111/j.1758-6623.2012.00146.x .

Stewart, P. (2016). Gender specific. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education. 33(20), 10-11.

Wongmonta, S. and Glewwe P. (2017). An analysis of gender differences in household education expenditure: the case of Thailand. Education Economics, 25(2), 183-204. DOI: 10.1080/09645292.2016.1168363.

 

 

 

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